A manager does not operate in isolation. Everything happens in a certain context. The internal and external environments in which the manager operate can be quite complex and need to be monitored.
We all have different roles to play. Sometimes these roles can be conflicting. For example, we may need to spend a lot of time at work to provide financial stability to our household. But at the same time, we are expected to spend time with our families. We may also be expected to serve as a leaders and mentors in society and serve on committees. All these conflicting demands cause tension and may have a detrimental effect on ourselves.
Every manager do two types of work. The first is his managerial work, which consists of planning, organizing, directing and control. The second is operational or technical work which comes with his line of work.
Regardless of whether your goal is to increasing productivity to maximizing profit or simply achieving a surplus, conflict will arise between the management role you fulfill and your moral standards. This conflict leads to tension within and between managers.